"A Farewel to AMERICA"
By Phillis Wheatley

  • Transcription, correction, editorial commentary, and markup by Students of Marymount University, James West, Amy Ridderhof
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London : Printed for A. Bell, 1773Page images are sourced from two copies of the first edition housed in the Library of Congress.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Humanities Text Initiative, 1999Online SGML text from the University of Michigan HTI. SGML markup edited to conform to LiC parameters, including changes to element and attribute case, ligatures, and other special html characters.

Editorial Statements

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Original spelling and capitalization is retained, though the long s has been silently modernized and ligatured forms are not encoded.

Hyphenation has not been retained, except where necessary for the sense of the word.

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Materials have been transcribed from and checked against first editions, where possible. See the Sources section.


Wheatley, Phillis. "A Farewel to AMERICA", Printed for A. Bell, 1773, pp 119-122. Literature in Context: An Open Anthology. http://anthologydev.lib.virginia.edu/work/Wheatley/wheatley-farewel. Accessed: 2021-12-03T13:25:25.242Z

Linked Data: Persons and places related to this work.

119 A Farewel to AMERICA. To Mrs. S. W. I. 1ADIEU, New-England's smiling meads, 2Adieu, the flow'ry plain: 3I leave thine op'ning charms, O spring, 4And tempt the roaring main. II. 5In vain for me the flow'rets rise, 6And boast their gaudy pride, 7While here beneath the northern skies 8I mourn for health deny'd. III. 9Celestial maid of rosy hue, 10O let me feel thy reign! 11I languish till thy face I view, 12Thy vanish'd joys regain. 120 IV. 13Susannah mourns, nor can I bear 14To see the crystal show'r, 15Or mark the tender falling tear 16At sad departure's hour; V. 17Not unregarding can I see 18Her soul with grief opprest: 19But let no sighs, no groans for me, 20Steal from her pensive breast. VI. 21In vain the feather'd warblers sing, 22In vain the garden blooms, 23And on the bosom of the spring 24Breathes out her sweet perfumes VII. 25While for Britannia's distant shore 26We sweep the liquid plain, 27And with astonish'd eyes explore 28The wide-extended main. 121 VIII. 29Lo! Health appears! celestial dame! 30Complacent and serene, 31With Hebe's mantle o'er her Frame, 32With soul-delighting mein. IX. 33To mark the vale where London lies 34With misty vapours crown'd, 35Which cloud Aurora's thousand dyes, 36And veil her charms around, X. 37Why, Phoebus, moves thy car so slow? 38So slow thy rising ray? 39Give us the famous town to view, 40Thou glorious king of day! XI. 41For thee, Britannia, I resign 42New-England's smiling fields; 43To view again her charms divine, 44What joy the prospect yields! 122 XII. 45But thou! Temptation hence away, 46With all thy fatal train 47Nor once seduce my soul away, 48By thine enchanting strain. XIII. 49Thrice happy they, whose heav'nly shield 50Secures their souls from harms, 51And fell Temptation on the field 52Of all its pow'r disarms! Boston, May 7, 1773.